The territory of Kyrgyzstan has a very long and interesting history that started from the Stone Age. It has been conquered by many different people, lots of troops such as Gengis - Khan, crossed the region and left here traces of their culture during the ages.
There are 5000-year-old stone inscriptions and the 3000-year-old city of Osh which is the vivid evidence of the fact that first people have been living thousands of years ago here. The nomadic Kyrgyz tribes are one of the oldest tribes living in Central Asia and they came here about 2000 years ago. They moved to the south, having come from the Siberian region such as Yenisey and they formed the Kyrgyz Khanate in the beginning of the first millennium BC.
The Khanate of Karakhanids was built up of Turkic tribes during the 6 th century. One of the most important cities was the town named as Balasagun, which can be visited even nowadays. You can see the Burana tower there dating back to the 11th century. It takes you only 1 hour driving from Bishkek.
The empire was defeated by Djingis Khan in the 13 th century, who formed the Mongol Khanate. After the death of the powerful emperor Mongke the Khanate was split up into many small ones, and the region of present Kyrgyzstan was a part of the Chagatai Khanate.
Later it was transformed into the Kokand Khanate which was dominated by Uzbeks the region became part of the Russian Empire after an uprising in 1873 - 1874, and it became the part of the Soviet Union after the October Revolution since 1936.
The country has become independent in 1991 and since then it is known as the Republic of Kyrgyzstan.
Here you will be able to find many interesting information about Kyrgyzstan:Burana